- Herbaceous perennial
- USDA hardiness zones:
- Part shade to full shade
Easily grown in average, medium moisture soils in part shade to full shade. Prefers humusy, organically rich, moisture-retentive soils. Foliage tends to scorch and otherwise depreciate if soils are allowed to dry out. Best sited in locations sheltered from strong winds. This is a slow-to-establish plant.
Size and growth:
- 4.0 to 6.0 feet
- 2.0 to 4.0 feet
Bloom / flowers:
- September - October
Natural, Colored leaves, Showy flowers, White, and Fragrant flowers
Adds architectural height and late summer bloom to a shaded part of the border or shade garden. Also effective in woodland gardens, cottage gardens and naturalized areas. Best in groups, although single plants have good specimen value once established. White flower spires are generally more demonstrative in front of darker backgrounds. Coppery bronze foliage provides excellent texture and color to the landscape throughout the growing season.
No serious insect or disease problems. Rust and leaf spot are occasional problems. Foliage generally does not need staking, but taller flower spires may need some support. Flower spires tend to bend toward bright light, particularly when plants are grown in substantial shade. Leaf margins may brown up (scorch) and growth may slow down if soils are not kept consistently moist.