- USDA hardiness zones:
- Full sun
- Dry to medium
Grow in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerant of light shade. Prefers rich, moist loams. Adapts to both wet and dry sites. Tolerant of poor soils. Generally tolerant of urban conditions. Freely self-seeds.
Size and growth:
- 50.0 to 70.0 feet
- 40.0 to 70.0 feet
Bloom / flowers:
- March - April
Insignificant flowers, Green, and Red
Eastern Siberia, northern China, Turkestan
This plant is listed as an exotic invasive species to Missouri and the Midwest by the Midwest Invasive Plant Network. The species should not be planted in the Midwest.
Siberian elm is not recommended for landscape use today because of its weak, easily damaged limbs and branches, its susceptibility to numerous insect and disease pests, and its general lack of ornamental interest. It could be effectively grown in poor soils, as a windbreak, or along slopes for erosion control where ornamental features are not an issue.
Branches are weak-wooded, brittle and easily damaged by strong winds and winter ice/snow. Resistant but not immune to Dutch elm disease and phloem necrosis. Various wilts, rots, cankers and leaf spots may occur. Elm leaf beetles may significantly damage the foliage. Other insect visitors include borers, leaf miner, beetles, mealy bugs, caterpillars and scale.