- Herbaceous perennial
- USDA hardiness zones:
- Full sun
- Dry to medium
Winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11 where plants will thrive in rich, evenly moist, well-drained loams in full sun. Plants tolerate part shade, but best height and flowering occur in full sun. Site in locations protected from strong winds. In Zones 9-11, sow seed directly in the garden at last spring frost date. Plants can become somewhat weedy and spread aggressively in frost-free areas. North of USDA Zone 9, plants may be grown as warm weather annuals by sowing seed indoors in pots about 6-8 weeks prior to last spring frost date. Plants may be grown directly in the soil or in large containers or tubs.
Size and growth:
- 6.0 to 10.0 feet
- 2.0 to 4.0 feet
Bloom / flowers:
- June - October
Showy flowers, Showy fruit, Annual, Yellow, and Green
Northeastern Africa to Middle East
Shrubby annual. Specimen. Containers.
No serious insect or disease problems. Spider mites may appear. Do not plant this annual in areas where small children play. Seed capsules may be pinched off when small to remove poisonous seeds from the plant. Contact with plant foliage may cause allergic skin reactions in some individuals.