- Needled evergreen
- USDA hardiness zones:
- Full sun to part shade
Best grown in rich, moist, slightly acidic, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best in full sun. Trees grow poorly in heavy clay soils. Trees are native to cool, often foggy, mountain climates, and are not recommended for planting in the hot and humid summer conditions south of USDA Zone 7.
Size and growth:
- 30.0 to 50.0 feet
- 10.0 to 25.0 feet
Bloom / flowers:
Fragrant leaves, Showy bark, and Evergreen
Eastern United States (Appalachian mountains)
Specimen fir for the landscape. Ornamental yard tree. Popular commercially grown Christmas tree.
No serious insect or disease problems. Balsam woolly adelgid has been responsible for killing a number of trees in the wild. Additional insect pests include bark beetles, spruce budworms, aphids, bagworms and scale. Spider mites may occur in hot conditions. Disease problems include root rots, needle rust and twig blight Trees are generally intolerant of urban pollution.