- USDA hardiness zones:
- Full sun to part shade
Best grown in organically rich, slightly acidic, medium moisture, well-drained sandy loams in full sun to part shade. Sharp soil drainage is essential. Plant bulbs in early to mid fall. Planting depth depends upon bulb size. In St. Louis, each bulb should be planted 2 to 3 times the height of the bulb, with at least 3\ of soil over the top. After the flowers have bloomed in spring, the top portion of each flower stem may be removed, as practicable, to prevent seed formation, but foliage should not be cut back until it begins to yellow. Flowers usually face the sun, so bulbs should be grown with any shade areas at the rear of the planting. Bulbs can be left undisturbed for a number of years. If bloom quality and quantity decline over time, clumps may be divided by digging just after the foliage dies back."
Size and growth:
- 0.5 to 2.5 feet
- 0.5 to 1.0 foot
Bloom / flowers:
- March - April
- White, yellow, orange, pink, bicolor
Showy flowers, White, Yellow, Pink, and Orange
Taller varieties are best in beds, borders, wild gardens, open woodland areas, in front of shrubs or massed under trees. Smaller varieties are excellent for rock gardens. Best planted in quantity, i.e., from smaller groupings of at least 6 bulbs to large sweeping drifts. All varieties mix well with other spring-flowering bulbs. Some varieties are often forced for indoor bloom in winter.
No serious insect or disease problems. Bulb rot may occur in poorly-drained soils.