- Broadleaf evergreen
- USDA hardiness zones:
- Full sun to part shade
Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best in locations protected from cold winter winds. Part afternoon shade best in hot summer climates. Avoid poorly drained soils. Prune in winter if needed. Plants of this species are dioecious (separate male and female plants). For a female plant to bear fruit, a male pollinator is needed. 'Chief Paduke' is a female cultivar.
Size and growth:
- 15.0 to 30.0 feet
- 8.0 to 20.0 feet
Bloom / flowers:
Insignificant flowers, Showy bark, Showy fruit, Birds, White, and Evergreen
Specimen or small groups. Foundation plantings. Hedge. Foliage and fruit provide good color for the winter landscape, and cuttings of the same are popular additions to Christmas wreaths and other decorations.
Potential insect problems include holly leaf miner, spider mites, whitefly and scale. Potential disease problems include leaf spot, leaf rot, tar spot and powdery mildew. Plants are also susceptible to leaf drop, leaf scorch and chlorosis (yellowing of leaves in high pH soils).